Vigorously developing clean energy has become a global consensus, but there are still some differences in the development of wind power, photovoltaics, and biomass energy in the field of clean energy. Although in recent years, countries around the world tend to develop wind power, not all major countries are like this. The growth rate of photovoltaic installations in the United States, Japan, India and China is generally better than that of wind power. These are based on their own domestic wind resources and lighting. The difference in resources is determined.
It can be seen that the attributes of resources play a decisive role in the development of a clean energy source in a country. Now introduce the countries with mature PV wind power market:
From the perspective of China, since 2011, the installed capacity of photovoltaics has shown a rapid growth trend. Especially after the introduction of the benchmark price of photovoltaic Internet access in 2013, the domestic photovoltaic industry has developed by leaps and bounds. In 2017, the installed capacity of photovoltaics was as high as 53 GW, and the photovoltaic industry exploded. increase. In 2018, the "531 New Deal" carried out a macro-control on the expansion and development of the former photovoltaic industry, and carried out certain control over the installed capacity. The installed capacity showed a downward trend year-on-year. In terms of wind power, China's wind power installed capacity has also fluctuated with the ups and downs of photovoltaic installations. Coupled with changes in the market environment, the wind abandonment phenomenon is serious. The domestic wind power main battlefield was once transferred from the Three North region to the eastern region. Undoubtedly it is more difficult to develop wind power. From the perspective of the overall development of wind power and photovoltaics, the development of these two major clean energy sources in China has followed suit, and there is no obvious policy bias. The future development potential of these two is quite huge.
Since the beginning of 2011, the momentum of photovoltaic installations has developed rapidly, especially in 2017, and with the support of the United States, the development of photovoltaics is unstoppable. In terms of wind power, with the development of domestic policy fluctuations, wind power development fluctuated greatly in 2012-2013 due to the impact of factors such as maturity and delays in supporting wind power development. According to the survey, with wind power, photovoltaic and other technologies. With continuous improvement and cost reduction, the policy to support the development of wind power has also withdrawn. From this perspective, the development of photovoltaic power is better than wind power.
India, a country with a full light, the growth of photovoltaics has continued to double, and the photovoltaic market continues to expand. As of 2017, India's new installed capacity growth exceeded 100% year-on-year. According to Indian plans, 2017-2020 plans to install more than 87GW. In terms of wind power, India's wind resource conditions are not prominent, and the wind power development market is more difficult, although it has been developing.
The UK, as the world leader in offshore wind power, has the largest offshore wind power installed capacity in the world. Britain has rich wind resources, coupled with the superiority of location, the rapid development of offshore wind power, once became a model for the development of wind power in various countries around the world. Coupled with the cost reduction of offshore wind power projects, the offshore wind power price was once lower than the onshore wind power price, compared with the on-grid price, it is also lower than it, and is deeply loved by the British people. The development of offshore wind power has always been the first choice for the UK to develop clean energy. The UK's photovoltaic industry has shrunk due to government policy subsidies, and the installed capacity has also shrunk.
The history of photovoltaic development in Germany is relatively early. Due to the rapid development of early PV, the follow-up government has adopted policy tightening, and photovoltaics are still faltering and sluggish. The development of wind power is relatively stable, and offshore wind power has contributed greatly in recent years. From 2012, offshore wind power installed capacity accounted for 1% of the total installed capacity of wind power and rose to 9.5% in 2017. With the low cost of offshore wind power and the proportion of offshore wind turbine giants exceeding 50%, wind power development is an important development area for clean energy for Germany.